Special education services begin when an Individualized Education Program
(IEP) team, including the parent(s), determines that a student is a "student
with a disability" who "requires special education and related
services" to benefit from his/her education and is eligible. This
team meeting is the result of a referral to special education that is
preceded by documentation of attempted accommodations and/or modifications
to the general education curriculum.
Either the student's teacher or parent may identify
a student as a student with a need. At this point, a problem-solving team,
sometimes known as a Student Study Team (SST), will convene to discuss
the concerns and ways to address them. The SST process is recommended
in order to begin and to document accommodations and/or modifications
made to the general education curriculum that are required prior to a
referral for special education.
For more detailed information,
Guide: Pre-referral Requirements
Guide: Referral Process
Once the team or parent has submitted
a written referral for assessment to determine eligibility for special
education programs and services. The school district has fifteen (15)
calendar days from the date of a written referral to present an assessment
plan to the parent.
After review with the district representative
regarding the proposed assessment plan, the parent then has fifteen
(15) calendar days to sign in consent and return the plan to the district.
The school district does have the
right to decline to assess, with valid reasons. The district must provide
notice of the decision not to assess within fifteen (15) calendar days
from receipt of the referral. The district must also document and provide
the reasons assessment will not be completed.
The school district has sixty (60)
calendar days (excluding school breaks of more than five (5) days) from
the time of receipt of the signed parent consent for assessment to complete
assessment and to schedule and hold the Individualized Education Program
(IEP) team meeting. Referrals or Assessment Plans that are received
within twenty (20) calendar days of the end of the school year shall
be completed within the first thirty (30) calendar days at the beginning
of the school year.
At the scheduled IEP team meeting,
the team will determine if the student is eligible for special education
programs and/or related services. If the student is eligible, the IEP
team will develop goals and objectives and determine appropriate services
and placement. Services will begin on the date designated in the IEP,
after the parent signs the IEP.
Other Important Timelines
- Parent requests for IEP meeting: When a parent
requests an IEP meeting, the district must hold a meeting within 30
day, not counting days between the pupil's regular school sessions,
terms or days of school vacation in excess of five schooldays. The
parent's request must be in writing. If the parent makes a verbal
request, school staff should direct them to make the written request,
and help the parent to do this if necessary.
- Beginning of the school year: Every student
with special needs must have a valid IEP in effect at the beginning
of the school year.
- Transition meeting: Each student with special
needs must have a transition plan in place in the IEP that will be
in effect on his 16th birthday.
- Transfer of rights: Each student who will
become 18 years of age during the duration of an IEP must have been
given an explanation of his rights and have signed the IEP acknowledging
that he or she knows that the parental rights will transfer to him
or her on the 18th birthday.
- Transferring from Early Start to Preschool:
Each child enrolled in an Early Start program must have a Transition
Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) meeting not more than 9
month or less than 90 days before his or her third birthday. This
meeting is required to plan the toddler's evaluation for eligibility
for special education services and transition to Preschool or other
services. The IEP meeting to discuss evaluation results and if necessary
offer a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) must be held before
the child's third birthday.
- Examining records: School districts must
provide parents with a copy of the student's records within five days
of a request received orally or in writing.
Click here to download and print "Procedures Guide-Timelines"
Click here to download and print Timelines Flow Chart
Click here to download and print IEP Process or Timeline